Section I. Quantitative relationships


Each of the items numbered 1 through 25 consist of a pair labeled (1) and (2). Use the following key to indicate whether (1) is greater than, less than, or approximately equal to (2).

Check:
A. if (1) is greater than (2)
B. if (2) is greater than (1)
C. if (1) and (2) are approximately equal.

For example:

(1)The number of people living in Chicago.
(2)The number of people living in Carbondale.

In this example, (1) is greater than (2) so you should check circle A.
(Go ahead, try it! Then press the "GO!" button to begin the exam.)
























Question #1.



(1) The annual rate (per 100,000 population) of AIDS in Illinois.
(2) The annual rate (per 100,000 population) of AIDS in the District of Columbia.































Question #2.



(1) The ability to produce a high level of IgA antibody using the Salk vaccine.
(2) The ability to produce a high level of IgA antibody using the Sabin vaccine.































Question #3.



(1) The ability of Influenza A virus to undergo the process of antigenic drift.
(2) The ability of Influenza B virus to undergo the process of antigenic drift.































Question #4.



(1) The role of an animal reservoir in promoting antigenic drift.
(2) The role of an animal reservoir in promoting antigenic shift.































Question #5.



(1) The efficacy of the drug Acyclovir for helping to control Herpes Simplex virus infections.
(2) The efficacy of the drug Amantadine HCl for helping to control Herpes Simplex virus infections.































Question #6.



(1) The ability of Chlamydial elementary bodies to directly infect human epithelial cells.
(2) The ability of Chlamydial reticulate bodies to directly infect human epithelial cells.































Question #7.



(1) The presence of an envelope surrounding the Togavirus nucleocapsid.
(2) The presence of an envelope surrounding the Rhabdovirus nucleocapsid.































Question #8.



(1) The ability of Yellow fever virus to produce a severe systemic disease.
(2) The ability of St. Louis encephalitis virus to produce a severe systemic disease.































Question #9.



(1) The role of ticks in the transmission of epidemic relapsing fever.
(2) The role of ticks in the transmission of endemic relapsing fever.































Question #10.



(1) The role of fusion with the host cell plasma membrane as a mechanism of entry for naked (non-enveloped) viruses.
(2) The role of fusion with the host cell plasma membrane as a mechanism of entry for enveloped viruses.































Question #11.



(1) The role of the Influenza virus hemagglutinin in mediating viral attachment to host cells.
(2) The role of the Influenza virus neuraminidase in mediating viral attachment to host cells.































Question #12.



(1) The ability to culture Mycobacterium tuberculosis on agar media in the diagnostic laboratory.
(2) The ability to culture Mycobacterium leprae on agar media in the diagnostic laboratory.































Question #13.



(1) The occurrence of a rash as an important symptom of epidemic typhus.
(2) The occurrence of a rash as an important symptom of spotted fever.































Question #14.



(1) The role of hypersensitivity reactions in producing the lesions characteristic of secondary syphilis.
(2) The role of hypersensitivity reactions in producing the lesions characteristic of tertiary syphilis.































Question #15.



(1) The presence of an RNA-dependent RNA polymerase within the Picornavirus virion.
(2) The presence of an RNA-dependent RNA polymerase within the Paramyxovirus virion.































Question #16.



(1) The number of different serotypes of the Parainfluenza virus.
(2) The number of different serotypes of the Respiratory Syncytial virus.































Question #17.



(1) The percentage of individuals that become symptomatic following the bite of a rabid animal.
(2) The percentage of individuals that die once rabies symptoms develop.































Question #18.



(1) The ability of VZV to establish a latent infection in B-cells.
(2) The ability of EBV to establish a latent infection in B-cells.































Question #19.



(1) The ability of diphtheria toxin to act as an ADP-ribosyltransferase that leads to the inactivation of elongation factor 2.
(2) The ability of diphtheria toxin to act as an ADP-ribosyltransferase that leads to the activation of adenylate cyclase.































Question #20.



(1) The role of virally-encoded transcription factors in the production of Herpesvirus immediate early proteins.
(2) The role of virally-encoded transcription factors in the production of Herpesvirus late proteins.































Question #21.



(1) The percentage of men that are diagnosed with lymphogranuloma venereum.
(2) The percentage of women that are diagnosed with lymphogranuloma venereum.































Question #22.



(1) The probability that infection with Hepatitis A virus will lead to liver cirrhosis.
(2) The probability that infection with Hepatitis C virus will lead to liver cirrhosis.































Question #23.



(1) The ability to diagnose Treponemal infection by looking for the presence of anti-cardiolipin antibodies in the patient.
(2) The ability to diagnose Togavirus infection by looking for the presence of anti-cardiolipin antibodies in the patient.































Question #24.



(1) Transmission of Rubella virus via the fecal-oral route.
(2) Transmission of Rubella virus via the respiratory route.































Question #25.



(1) The role of a viremic phase in the spread of Measles virus in the human body.
(2) The role of a viremic phase in the spread of Mumps virus in the human body.